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Sore Throat - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Simply put, dehydration occurs when your body expels more fluid than you take in over a period of time. Without the proper hydration, your organs will begin to lose their normal function over time and this leads to a variety of complications. Complications from dehydration can range from mild to life-threatening. It’s important to understand the symptoms and risk factors for developing severe dehydration so your summer picnic doesn’t result in a trip to Premier!

Main risk factors

  • Age - Infants and elderly are at the highest risk
  • Medications - certain medications can contribute to water retention or loss
  • Diet - fruits and vegetables can significantly contribute to your daily water intake
  • Time of day, Temperature, and humidity levels - The setting and temperature can make all the difference in terms of how much fluid intake you’ll need for the day
  • Activity Level - Working outside or doing strenuous activity on a hot day should always be met with an increase intake of water
  • Chronic Conditions - Conditions such as kidney disease and diabetes can greatly affect your hydration levels

What are the symptoms?

Infant or young child

  • Dry mouth and tongue
  • No tears when crying
  • No wet diapers for three hours
  • Sunken eyes, cheeks
  • Sunken soft spot on top of skull
  • Listlessness or irritability


  • Extreme thirst
  • Less frequent urination
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion

When should you visit premier?

The trick to handling dehydration is to understand your risk factors and prepare in advance. Beginning to drink water the day before strenuous activity can help build a “baseline” of hydration before water loss occurs. During activity drinking water throughout the day will typically keep you out of trouble. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above and are at risk for developing complications such as heat stroke, it is imperative you find a cool, shaded place and rehydrate. If you experience dizziness, confusion, or fainting, visit the nearest Premier or dial 911 immediately.