A QUICK LOOK AT

MAJOR & MINOR WOUNDS



 

Major & Minor Wounds

Open wounds are very common, as we have all suffered from them at some point in our lives. This type of injury can be caused by falls, cuts from sharp object, car accidents, and more, causing a break in the body tissue. When the body surface is broken due to an open wound, the damaged tissues are exposed to foreign materials that can access the tissue and cause infections or complications.

When the open wound is minor it can be treated at home or at the urgent care. Major wounds need emergency medical care, especially when there is tissue damage and serious bleeding.

Is it a minor or a major wound?

There are a few signs to tell if a wound is major and therefore needs immediate attention. In general, if there is strong bleeding for more than 20 minutes, don’t hesitate and call our emergency care.

Other signs of a major wound:

  • It keeps bleeding even after applying direct pressure for 5 minutes

  • Blood spurts

  • It is open wide

  • It is deeper than 0.25-inches or longer than 0.75, especially if it is deep enough to reveal muscle, bone or fat

In some cases, the wound warrants an emergency care even if the above doesn’t apply. These are the cases:

  • The accident happened in a filthy environment, like a rusty nail or an animal bite. These cuts have a higher risk of infection and need to be cleaned and given an antibiotic treatment.

  • The wound is located on the face, neck, genitals or near the joints. In these cases, stitches reduce the risk of scarring.

  • There is a foreign object trapped or sticking out of the wound, like glass, metal or rocks. DO NOT try to remove it, as the object may be blocking severe bleeding.

When should I visit Premier?

In case of a major wound, stitches are necessary to decrease the risk of infections, and should be applied within 6 to 8 hours after the injury occurred. Call/visit Premier for any major wound. Until you see a provider, follow these steps as fast as possible:

  • Use disposable protective gloves to lower the risk of infection.

  • Have the injured person lie down and rest comfortably - preferably, on a rug or a blanket to prevent the loss of body heat.

  • If the wound is covered with clothing or debris, remove it, but don’t try to remove embedded objects.

  • Cover the wound with a sterile bandage or a clean cloth, and press firmly against it to control the bleeding. Don’t apply direct pressure if a foreign object is stuck in the wound.

  • Bind the wound with a bandage, to maintain the pressure.

  • If the bandage gets soaked with blood, don’t remove it but add another bandage, while applying direct pressure.

  • If possible, lift an injured limb higher than the heart level.

  • Prevent the injured body part from moving, as much as possible.

  • Monitor the injured person’s condition. Note any changes such as breathing rhythm, changes in the color of the skin, or shock.

  • After giving care, wash your hands immediately even if you used gloves.

Visit your nearest Premier for any medical urgency or emergency.