Having an infection in your bladder is painful, frustrating and often restricts your daily activities as you need to use the bathroom frequently. It can be treated easily using medications, however, if the infection spreads to the kidneys, it can cause serious consequences. This is why a timely treatment is key for preventing complications and ensuring a fast recovery.
What is a bladder infection?
The urinary tract consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Infection in any of these organs is called a urinary tract infection. Usually, the infection involves the bladder and the urethra.
One type of a urinary tract infection is a bladder infection, most commonly caused by bacteria. They often occur suddenly, but can also be a chronic condition.
What causes a bladder infection?
When bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and multiply in the bladder, they cause an infection. The urinary system usually removes these invaders by flushing them out in the urine, but sometimes the defense fails and the bacteria attach to the bladder’s walls.
A bladder infection can also be caused by bacteria from the stool that enter the urethra. Since the opening of the urethra in women is relatively close to the anus, bacteria can easily enter the urinary system. This is why women are at a higher risk of developing a urinary tract infection.
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