Visit Premier for any medical urgency or emergency.


Breathing Problems: Asthma and Other Lung Diseases

Shortness of breath and difficulty breathing are common complaints among patients and their severity depends on their cause.

Breathing problems can indicate several diseases such as:


A disease in the airways of the lungs. Breathing difficulties due to asthma can range from mild to life-threatening. Those who suffer from asthma can experience quiet periods during which they breathe normally. Occasionally, they have an asthma attack that is usually caused by exposure to certain stimuli. During an asthma attack, the muscles surrounding the airways contract. The contraction reduces the amount of air that flows through the airways to the lungs, causing a feeling of suffocation. Asthma is quite common, as one in ten children suffer from it. It is a chronic disease that can last a lifetime but can be treated with proper medical care. Many children recover from asthma during adolescence.


infection in one or both lungs. It usually takes two to three weeks to recover, but in older people, infants and people with other diseases, the disease can be very difficult and sometimes hospitalization is needed.


inflammation of the bronchi which are the main passageway into the lungs. Acute bronchitis often develops a few days after a cold or the flu.

Pulmonary Fibrosis

lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. Most people with Pulmonary Fibrosis develop symptoms between the ages of 50 and 70 years.

Asthma Symptoms

Asthma symptoms range from mild to severe symptoms and vary from person to person.

The most common symptoms Include:

  • Shortness of breath and breathing problems.

  • Cramping or chest pain.

  • Sleep problems caused by shortness of breath, cough, or wheezing.

  • Wheezing or whistling while exhaling.

Some symptoms may indicate severe asthma, such as:

  • Increase in the strength and frequency of the above symptoms.

  • Low peak flow, measured by the exhalation peak meter, a simple instrument designed to measure the level of the lungs activity.

  • Increased use of bronchodilators - drugs that cause the opening of the airways by relaxing the muscles surrounding them.

Medical Supervision

It is important to be under medical supervision in order to determine when to increase the dosage for your medication or to take other measures in order to treat the worsening of the symptoms and bring it back to normal.

Common Pneumonia Symptoms

  • Chest pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Cough with or without phlegm

  • High Fever with or without sweating and chills

Less common Pneumonia symptoms

  • Fatigue

  • People over 65 years old may experience confusion

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Arthritis Pain

  • Muscle Pain

Bronchitis symptoms

  • Dry cough at first which after several days is accompanied by mucus (sputum)

  • Fatigue

  • Shortness of breath

  • Slight fever and chills

  • Chest discomfort

Pulmonary Fibrosis symptoms

Often, it is hard to diagnose Pulmonary Fibrosis as the symptoms are similar to other lung diseases. However, symptoms may include:

  • Shortness of breath mainly during exercise

  • Fast, shallow breathing

  • Fatigue

  • Dizziness

  • Chest pain

  • Swelling and aching joints and muscles

  • Wheezing

When should i visit premier?

As many common lung diseases share the same symptoms, breathing difficulties may indicate a severe condition that must be treated immediately. Seek emergency medical care if along with your breathing difficulty you experience pain in the chest, nausea, or loss of consciousness.